BIOPSY OF THE THYROID
(FNA)

Despite little size, the thyroid gland plays vital role in functionality all of human body’s systems, being responsible for metabolic processes occuring in it.
If any changes occur in thyroid, it will affect the work of many other organs, which may efficiently decrease the quality of life due to many disturbances that will follow.
One of the most frequent disease is the formation of thyroid nodes. Usually they are benign, but malignant transformations bring to cancer in some occasions.

Due to capabilities of modern medicine, the most optimal method of biopsy is thin needle aspiration biopsy. The decision concerning the biopsy is made by endocrinologist, family doctor or surgeon-endocrinologist.
The aim is to answer the question: Is the node, revealed in ultrasound, malignant or benign.

  • A biopsy of the thyroid is the most reliable method to diagnose malignant formations.
  • Thanks to biopsies, the quantity of unneeded surgeries has reduced.
  • Strict selection and accurate definition of indications for surgery - these are the main advantages of using a thyroid biopsy.
  • Procedure is being commited without extra pain.

Patient, trusting his doctor and the means prescribed by him, following his requirements, can restore health even in case of serious illness.
People immersed in the abyss of ignorance, disregarding the advice of a doctor, stand defenceless even when facing mild illnesses.

Hippocrates

Father of medicine

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (FAQ)

The sensations experienced by patients during the thyroid biopsy are similar to those when injected into the buttock, with the only difference being that the TAB is injected into the neck, which is much more frightening to the patient.
However, a biopsy of the thyroid is not without reason called thin-needle – for needling the thyroid gland needles with a diameter of 23-25G are used, i.e. more subtle than usual for intramuscular injections, 
therefore, no special painful sensations should be expected, and nothing special will be remembered for the day when thyroid puncture was performed.

Basically, no preparation is required. The only thing recommended to patients is not to starve before this study.
A thyroid biopsy is not a blood test, refusing to eat on the day of it will not change its results, but superfluous dizziness and a sense of weakness before puncture could occur…

Thin needle biopsy is a method of diagnosing thyroid diseases, and not a method of monitoring a patient. If the primary study received an informative answer, then the biopsy should not be repeated.
Repeated biopsy is possible only in cases when the first study revealed a benign nature of the node, but further there is a constant growth of the node or appearance of “suspicious” symptoms (hoarseness, cough, problems with swallowing and breathing).

To ensure accurate needle guidance, an ultrasound machine is used.
Surgeon-endocrinologist at the time of puncture of the thyroid accurately sees where the needle goes – this completely excludes the possibility of getting into other organs.

No, it won’t happen. Numerous researches of nodes, deleted during the surgery after the biopsy, indicate that tumor is not spreading further into body.